Sultanate of Oman is an Arab, Islamic, Independent State with full sovereignty. The Royal Decree 101/96 is the Basic Statute of the State in terms of which the State’s religion is Islam and Islamic Sharia is the basis of legislation. Muscat is the State’s Capital.
The system of government is Sultani (Royal), hereditary in the male descendants of Sayyid Turki bin Said bin Sultan, provided the one to be chosen as successor shall be Muslim, judicious, of sound mind and the legitimate son of Omani Muslim parents.
Rule in the Sultanate is based on justice, shura and equality. The citizens have the right to participate in public affairs, in accordance with the Basic Statute and the conditions and provisions stipulated by the law. The principles guiding the State’s Policy as emanated from the Basic Statute envisages ‘establishing sound administrative system that guarantees Justice, Tranquility and Equality for the citizens and ensures respect for the public order and the preservation of the higher interests of the country’, ‘adherence to the international and regional charters and treaties and the generally recognized norms of international law conducive to the promotion of peace and security among States and peoples’.
The official language is Arabic. All documents, correspondences whether submitted to or issued from the Government, Ministry, Courts of Law and any such other instrumentality of the State must be in Arabic. The official calendar is the Hijra calendar and the official currency of the Sultanate is the Omani Riyal divided into 1,000 Baisas.